DBS Checks & Criminal Record Checks

DBS Checks is a leading umbrella body for the Disclosure and Barring Service and has been named one of the top 8 providers for criminal record checks in the UK.

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What Are The 3 Types Of DBS Checks?

Jun 11, 2023 | DBS

When it comes to safeguarding vulnerable groups and ensuring the safety of certain workplaces, employers in the UK rely on Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) checks. 

These checks play a crucial role in the hiring process for various professions. In this blog, we will explore the three main types of DBS checks and their differences.

What is a DBS Check?

This is a background check carried out by the Disclosure and Barring Service, the purpose of which is to provide information about an individual’s criminal record and other relevant information to employers and organisations. These checks help employers make informed decisions about hiring potential employees, volunteers, or individuals. 

There are three levels of DBS checks, basic, standard and enhanced, which disclose a certain amount of information. The type of check required will depend on the job role and whether the individual will be working with vulnerable groups of people.

DBS Checks & Criminal Record Checks

1. Basic DBS Check

The Basic DBS check is the simplest and most limited level of all three checks. It is available to anyone and is the only type of DBS check individuals can apply for it themselves. This type of check provides information on any unspent convictions or conditional cautions a person may have.

Difference between Basic and Standard DBS

The primary difference between Basic and Standard DBS checks lies in the level of information disclosed. A Basic DBS check only includes details of unspent convictions and conditional cautions, while a Standard DBS check provides a more comprehensive disclosure.

2. Standard DBS Check

The Standard DBS check is a mid-level one that is typically required for roles that are mentioned under the Exceptions Order to the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974, such as a chartered accountant. 

It includes all the information from a Basic DBS check (unspent convictions and conditional cautions) as well as any spent convictions, cautions, reprimands, or warnings that are not protected and are deemed relevant to the position.

Difference between Standard and Enhanced DBS Check

The key difference between a Standard and an Enhanced DBS check is the level of additional information disclosed. While the Standard DBS check provides a comprehensive criminal record, the Enhanced DBS check goes one step further. 

3. Enhanced DBS Check

The Enhanced DBS check is the highest level of check and is specifically for roles that involve close contact with vulnerable individuals, such as working with children or vulnerable adults. This check includes all the information from both the Basic and Standard DBS checks, as well as any relevant information held by local police forces or authorities. Additionally, it will indicate whether the individual is on the barred list. 

Final Thoughts: Types of DBS Checks

DBS checks are an integral part of ensuring the safety of vulnerable groups and certain workplaces. This blog has explored the three main types of DBS checks – Basic, Standard, and Enhanced – and their respective levels of information disclosure. 

Understanding these checks is vital for employers to make informed hiring decisions and create a secure environment for all. By utilising the appropriate DBS check based on job roles and responsibilities, employers can uphold their duty to protect vulnerable individuals and maintain a safer working environment overall.



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